This page contains familiars inspired by Abrahamic religions and myths.
The Abrahamic religions (also Abrahamism) are the monotheistic faiths emphasizing and tracing their common origin to Abraham or recognizing a spiritual tradition identified with him. The largest Abrahamic religions are, in chronological order of founding, Judaism, Christianity, Islam, and Bahá'í Faith.
Angels are servants of God (or His counterpart in other religions) and reside in Heaven.
Camael (Hebrew Camael, meaning "One who sees God", also known as Kamuel, Khamael, Chamuel, Camiel or Camniel) is an angel in Christian and Jewish mythology and angelology, and is one of the ten Kabbalah angels, assigned to the sephira Gevurah. He's often included in lists as being one of the seven archangels. He is claimed to be the leader of the forces that expelled Adam and Eve from the Garden of Eden holding a flaming sword. Camael is not recognised by the Catholic Church due to the Vatican's decision to ban the veneration of angels not mentioned in the Bible.
In the Abrahamic religions, Gabriel (Hebrew: גַּבְרִיאֵל, Modern Gavri'el, Tiberian Gaḇrîʼēl "God is my strength"; Biblical Greek: Γαβριήλ, Gabriēl) is an angel who typically serves as a messenger sent from God to certain people.
Gabriel is mentioned in both the Old and New Testaments of the Bible. In the Old Testament, he appears to the prophet Daniel, delivering explanations of Daniel's visions (Daniel 8:15–26, 9:21–27). In the Gospel of Luke, Gabriel appeared to Zechariah and the Virgin Mary, foretelling the births of John the Baptist and Jesus, respectively (Luke 1:11–38). In the Book of Daniel, he is referred to as "the man Gabriel", while in the Gospel of Luke, Gabriel is referred to as "an angel of the Lord" (Luke 1:11). Gabriel is not called an archangel in the Bible, but is so called in Intertestamental period sources like the Book of Enoch. In the Roman Catholic, Anglican, and Eastern and Oriental Orthodox churches, the archangels Michael, Raphael, and Gabriel are also referred to as saints.
In Islam, Gabriel (Jibra'il) is considered one of the four archangels whom God sent with his divine message to various prophets, including Muhammad. The 96th chapter of the Quran, sura Al-Alaq, is believed by Muslims to be the first surah revealed by Gabriel to Muhammad.
Michael ("who is like God?", Hebrew: מִיכָאֵל (pronounced [mixaˈʔel]), Micha'el or Mîkhā'ēl; Greek: Μιχαήλ, Mikhaḗl; Latin: Michael (in the Vulgate Michahel); Arabic: ميخائيل, Mīkhā'īl) is an archangel in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Roman Catholics, the Eastern Orthodox, Anglicans, and Lutherans refer to him as "Saint Michael the Archangel" and also as "Saint Michael". Orthodox Christians refer to him as the "Taxiarch Archangel Michael" or simply "Archangel Michael".
Michael is mentioned three times in the Book of Daniel, once as a "great prince who stands up for the children of your people". The idea that Michael was the advocate of the Jews became so prevalent that in spite of the rabbinical prohibition against appealing to angels as intermediaries between God and his people, Michael came to occupy a certain place in the Jewish liturgy.
In the New Testament Michael leads God's armies against Satan's forces in the Book of Revelation, where during the war in heaven he defeats Satan. In the Epistle of Jude Michael is specifically referred to as "the archangel Michael". Christian sanctuaries to Michael appeared in the 4th century, when he was first seen as a healing angel, and then over time as a protector and the leader of the army of God against the forces of evil. By the 6th century, devotions to Archangel Michael were widespread both in the Eastern and Western Churches. Over time, teachings on Michael began to vary among Christian denominations.
Râmîêl (Aramaic: רעמאנל, Hebrew: רעמיאל, Greek:‘Ραμιήλ) is a fallen Watcher in the apocryphal Book of Enoch, one of 20 leaders, mentioned sixth. Ramiel means "thunder of God" from the Hebrew elements ra'am and El, "God".
There are 20 leaders in the Book of Enoch, also called 1 Enoch.
As described in 1 Enoch, these are the leaders of 200 angels that are turned into fallen Angels due to their taking wives, mating with human women, and teaching forbidden knowledge. In this same work, Remiel is also the name of an angel, and is described as "one of the holy angels whom God has set over those who rise" from the dead, in effect the angel that watches over those that are to resurrect.
He is mentioned also in 2 Baruch where he presides over true visions (55:3).
Ramiel is the angel of hope, and he is credited with two tasks: he is responsible for divine visions, and he guides the souls of the faithful into Heaven. He is called Jeremiel or Uriel in various translations of IV Esdras, He is said to have been the archangel responsible for the destruction of the armies of Sennacherib, as well as being the bearer of the instructions of the seven archangels.
Raziel (Hebrew: רזיאל "Secret[s] of God") is an archangel within the teachings of Jewish mysticism who is the "Keeper of Secrets" and the "Angel of Mysteries". He is associated with the Sephira Chokmah (the second of ten) in Olam Briah, one of the Four Worlds of Kabbalistic theory.
Raziel, under the alternate name Galizur, ("Revealer of The Rock") is described as the "-ruling prince of the 2nd Heaven.-" He is said to expound the "Torah's divine wisdom," and protects the ministering angels from the Hayyoth, the "holy Creatures" that uphold the universe.
In kabbalistic and Christian angelology, Sachiel is an archangel of the order of Cherubim. The meaning of his name is given as "the covering of God" and he is associated with the Zodiacal sign Sagittarius, the weekday Thursday, wealth and charity
Samael (Hebrew: סמאל) is said to be the angel of death, the chief ruler of the Fifth Heaven and one of the seven regents of the world served by two million angels; he resides in Heaven. Samael is also sometimes identified as being the angelic antagonist who wrestled with Jacob, and also the angel who held back the arm of Abraham as he was about to sacrifice his son. He is said to be Esau's guardian angel, and is charged with being the one who tempted Eve, then seduced and impregnated her with Cain.
Zaphkiel (Hebrew: צפקיאל), also written as Jafkiel, Japhkiel, Tzaphkiel, Zafkiel, Zafchial, Zaphchial, Zaphiel or Zelel, is an archangel. His name means "God's knowledge". He is sometimes equated with Jophiel/Zophiel, but other times considered to be a different angel. Zaphkiel is "chief of the order of thrones and one of the 9 angels that rule Heaven; also one of the 7 archangels." He can watch people when they need to make important decisions and when they need to put them into words for others. If they are unsure of the words, he will help them to make the message clearer. He is associated with the planet Saturn.
In demonology Allocer (also spelled Alocer or Alloces) is a demon whose title is Great Duke of Hell, and who has thirty-six legions of demons under his command. He induces people to immorality and teaches arts and all mysteries of the sky.
He is described by Johann Weyer as appearing in the shape of a knight mounted on an enormous horse. His face has leonine characteristics; he has a ruddy complexion and burning eyes; and he speaks with much gravity. He is said to provide good familiars, and to teach astronomy and liberal arts. Allocer is often depicted riding a horse with dragon legs.
In demonology Amon is a Grand Marquis of Hell, a demon commanding forty infernal legions. He is the seventh of the 72 spirits of Goetia.
According to some descriptions, Amon vomited flames and had the head of a serpent with the body of a wolf (and vice-versa). Other demonologists described him as a man with a raven's head. He could discern the past and foretell the future, and supposedly reconciled friends and foes. He was also said to procure love.
Amon is one of Astaroth's assistants. He knows past and future, giving that knowledge to those who had made a pact with Satan.
Andras is a Great Marquis of Hell, having under his command thirty legions of demons. He sows discord among people.According to the Goetia, Andras was a Grand Marquis of Hell, appearing with a winged angel's body and the head of an owl or raven, riding upon a strong black wolf and wielding a sharp and bright sword. He was also responsible for sowing discord, and commanded 30 infernal legions. He is the 63rd of the 72 spirits of Solomon.
Andras was considered to be a highly dangerous demon, who could kill the conjuring magician and his assistants if precautions were not taken. A misstep outside the magical protective circle could mean instant death for the conjurer(s), and Andras was always trying to lure them out.The Dutch demonologist Johannes Wier, in his Pseudomonarchia Daemonum, says of Andras:
Andras is a great marquesse, and seemes in an angels shape with a head like a blacke night raven, riding upon a blacke and a verie strong woolfe, flourishing with a sharpe sword in his hand, he can kill the maister, the servant, and all assistants, he is author of discords, and ruleth thirtie legions.
Another demonologist, Collin de Plancy, also mentions Andras in his writings:
Grand Marquis of Hell. He appears to have the body of an angel and the head of a wood owl, and to be riding a black wolf and carrying in his hand a pointed saber. He teaches those whom he favors to kill their enemies, masters and servants. He stirs up trouble and dissension. He commands thirty legions.
The 72nd of the 72 spirits of Solomon. (The 72 spirits of Goetia) Andromalius is a great and powerful earl of Hell who appears in the form of a man holding a great repent in his hand.
Andromalius's internal duties include returning stolen goods to their rightful owners, reveal thieves, discover wicked deeds and underhanded dealings, and find hidden treasures. Andromalius commands 36 legions of the damned, a troop of vicious demons who assist him in his nefarious endeavors.
The medieval incarnation of Asthoreth. A demon, he was said to appear in guise of an horrendous angel, riding on a dragon, with a viper in his left hand, having revolting, foul-smelling breath. Some however say that his appearance was that of a handsome human male, half black, half white. He is described by Johanne Wier as a very powerful grand duke in hell, where he held the office of great treasurer and commanded forty infernal legions. Astaroth was believed to know all secrets and was summoned to preform revelations of the past and future. In addition, he was said to teach mathematics, science, handicrafts, make men invisible, and lead them to hidden treasures. He was also thought to give mortal men power over serpents.
In demonology, an evil spirit, specifically a demon of the second order, guardian of the goat, described by Milton as the standard bearer of rebellious angels by this name.
In Islamic demonology Azazel is a Djin, who is cast from heaven for refusing to worship Adam and for lusting after mortal maidens. His name was changed to 'Eblis' which means 'despair'. Some say Azazel was simply a place near the city of Jerusalem, or an arch-demon who dwelled in the desert. Others mentioned that he was the king of Seirim an ancient species of goat-like spirits.
Alternatively known as Bel, Bael and Baell. Originally, one of the fertility gods of the Semites, possibly the male counterpart of the goddess Belet.
In demonology, one of the fallen angels. According to the Zohar, Baal is equal in rank to the archangel Raphael. The first of the 72 spirits of Solomon (the 72 demons of the Goetia), Bael is a great and powerful king of Hell who governs the Eastern infernal regions, and is said to appear on conjuration in many different shapes, including that of a man with the head of a cat or toad, or even a human head. Sometimes he may appear with all three heads on a single body. He is also said to speak with a hoarse and guttural voice.
Derived in demonic lore from the Enochian demons literature, Bael's infernal duties include conferring all forms of knowledge and satisfying all cravings. He is also said to impart invisibility to his followers.
Bael commands 66 legions of the damned, a troop of vicious demons who assist him in his nefarious endeavors.
Beelzebub or Beel-Zebub (/biːˈɛlzɨbʌb/ bee-EL-zə-bub or /ˈbiːlzɨbʌb/ BEEL-zə-bub; Hebrew: בַּעַל זְבוּב, Baʿal Zəvûv; Arabic: بعل الذباب, Ba‘al adh-Dhubāb) is a contemporary name for the devil.
In Christian and Biblical sources, he is referred to as another name for the devil.
In Christian demonology, he is one of the seven princes of Hell according to Catholic views on Hell. The Dictionnaire Infernal describes Beelzebub as a demonic fly who is also known as the "Lord of the Flies".
From the Hebrew 'Bilol', meaning the Wicked One, in demonology Belial is one of Satan's most vulnerable demons. In fact before the New Testament firmly established Satan as the leader of the forces of evil, Belial was the one in charge. In the Old Testament the word (Belial) had the meaning of worthlessness or wickedness, but it later came to be used as a proper noun for the Devil or Satan.
According to demonologists, one of the three demons that held sway over the dead.
Jointly with the evil Bune, Bifrons is in charge of moving the bodies from one grave to another, while hellish Murmur takes over the souls.
Accordingly, Bifrons has 26 legions of Hell's army under his command, and is responsible for lighting the strange corpse-lights above the tombs of the dead, besides moving their bodies from crypt to crypt. He is a demon of monstrous guise who often takes the form of a man well versed in astrology and planetary influences, excelling as well in geometry, herbology, mineralogy and botany. He is the 46th spirit of the 72 Solomon imprisoned in a brass vessel.
In demonology, Botis is a Great President and Earl of Hell, commanding sixty legions of demons. He tells of all things past and future, and reconciles friends and foes.
He is depicted as an ugly viper, but when he changes shape, he puts himself in human shape, with big teeth and two horns. When in human shape he carries a sharp and bright sword in his hand.
Alternatively Caassimola, Caasimola, Caasimolar, Glasyalabolas, Glassia-labolas, Glasya-Labolas and Glasya.
According to Collin de Plancy's 'Dictionnaire Infernal', Caacrinolaas is a demon, a High President of Hell commanding thirty-six infernal legions and appearing as a ‘dog with griffon wings’.He teaches liberal arts, inspires murder, makes men invisible, and predicts the future. In the Great Grimoire, he is called Classyalabolas, a sergeant sometimes mounted to Nebiros or Naberius.
Of Cain, originator of murder, consigned to Hell by early Christian writers.
In demonology, Caim appears in Ars Goetia, the first part of Lesser Key of Solomon as a Great President of Hell, ruling over thirty legions of demons. Much detail is offered: he is a good disputer, gives men the understanding of the voices of birds, bullocks, dogs, and other creatures, and of the noise of the waters too, and gives true answers concerning things to come.
He is depicted in 19th and 20th century occultist illustrations as appearing in the form of the black bird called a thrush, but soon he changes his shape into a man that has a sharp sword in his hand. When answering questions he seems to stand on burning ashes or coals.
The title 'President' of Hell would suggest a parallel with the presiding officer of a college or convocation, which are the only pre-modern uses of the term. Other authors consider Caim a 'Prince' of Hell instead and depict him as a man wearing rich and elegant clothes, and the head and wings of a blackbird.
In demonology, Dantalion (or Dantalian) is a powerful Great Duke of Hell, with thirty-six legions of demons under his command; he is the 71st of 72 spirits of Solomon. He teaches all arts and sciences, and also declares the secret counsel of anyone, given that he knows the thoughts of all people and can change them at his will. He can also cause love and show the similitude of any person, show the same by means of a vision, and let them be in any part of the world they will.
He is depicted as a man with many appearances, which means the faces of all men and women. There are also many depictions in which he is said to hold a book in one of his hands, such as the following, from The Lesser Key of Solomon:
"The Seventy-first Spirit is Dantalion. He is a Duke Great and Mighty, appearing in the Form of a Man with many Countenances, all Men's and Women's Faces; and he hath a Book in his right hand. His Office is to teach all Arts and Sciences unto any; and to declare the Secret Counsel of any one; for he knoweth the Thoughts of all Men and Women, and can change them at his Will. He can cause Love, and show the Similitude of any person, and show the same by a Vision, let them be in what part of the World they Will. He governeth 36 Legions of Spirits; and this is his Seal, which wear thou, etc."
The 64th spirit of the Goetia.
Flauros is a great duke and appears at first as a mighty terrible and strong leopard but at the command of his summoner he assumes the shape of a man with fiery eyes and a terrible countenance. He can see the past and future, but unless he is commanded into a triangle he will lie in all those things. He will gladly talk of divinity and of the creation of the world, and of his and other spirits' falls from grace. He can control fire and burn all of his and his summoner's adversaries to death and will not suffer them to be tempted by any spirit or otherwise. He governs 36 legions of spirits.
Furfur (Furtur or furfures, in Latin means "bran") is a powerful Great Earl of Hell, being the ruler of twenty-nine legions of demons. He is a liar unless compelled to enter a magic triangle where he gives true answers to every question, speaking with a rough voice. Furfur causes love between a man and a woman, creates storms, tempests, thunder, lightning, and blasts, and teaches on secret and divine things.
In demonology, Gremory (aka Gamory, Gemory, or Gomory) is a strong Duke of Hell that governs twenty-six legions of demons. He tells all things past, present and future, about hidden treasures, and procures the love of women, young and old, but especially maidens.
He is depicted as appearing in the form of a beautiful woman with the crown of a duchess tied around his waist, and riding a camel.
In demonology, Haagenti is a Great President of Hell, ruling thirty-three legions of demons. He makes men wise by instructing them in every subject, transmutes all metals into gold, and changes wine into water and water into wine.
Haagenti is depicted as a big bull with the wings of a griffin, changing into a man under request of the conjurer.
Lilith is a Hebrew name for a figure in Jewish mythology, developed earliest in the Babylonian Talmud who is generally thought to be in part derived from a class of female demons. These demons are by the name of Līlīṯu in Mesopotamian texts. Lilith is one of several demonic figures with biblical or related origins taken into popular culture. From the 8th–10th centuries Alphabet of Ben Sira onwards, Lilith becomes Adam's first wife, who was created at the same time and from the same earth as Adam was. This contrasts with Eve, who was created from one of Adam's ribs. She leaves or is exiled from the Garden of Eden and is said to have copulated with the Archangel Samael.
Lucifuge Rofocale (Latin: Lucifugus Rofocalus), according to the Grand Grimoire, is the demon in charge of Hell's government by order of Lucifer.
The name "Lucifugus" comes from two Latin words: lux ("light"; genitive lucis), and fugio ("to flee"), which means "[he who] flees the light". "Rofocal" may be an anagram of "Focalor", the name of another important demon who is possibly in Rofocale's servitude. Another possibility for the origin of "Rofocal" is intimately connected to the very nature of Lucifuge. As Lucifuge is the reverse of Lucifer (Latin for "light bearer"), so is the name "Rofocal" derived from "Lucifer" reversed – that is, "Reficul".
In demonology, Malthus (also Halphas, Malthas, or Malthous) is an Earl of Hell, commanding 26 legions of demons, who is said to have a rough voice when speaking. He is often depicted in the shape of a stork.
Malthus builds towers and fills them with ammunition and weapons, and can outright incite war. He is a prince of Hell. He is also said to send his legions into battle, or to places designated by higher commanding demons.
Mammon was not originally a demon but simply the Syrian term for 'money' or 'riches'. He entered the lists of demons in the words of Christ:
No man can serve two masters: for either he will hate the one, and love the other; or else he will hold to the one, and despise the other. Ye cannot serve God and mammon.
— (Matthew, 6, 24)
By biblical exegesis and popular misunderstanding he developed a variety of corrupt names which flourished in a number of demonologies, and eventually he emerged in popular consciousness as the demon of money, riches and covetousness; or (more precisely) the demon of love of money. "By Mammon is meant the devil who is the Lord of Money" wrote Thomas Aquinas.
John Milton, in his 'Paradise Lost', depicts Mammon as forever looking downward, at Heaven's golden pavement, rather than up at God.
In demonology, Marchosias is a powerful Great Marquis of Hell, commanding thirty legions of demons.
In the Ars Goetia, the first book of The Lesser Key of Solomon (17th century), he is depicted as a wolf with gryphon's wings and a serpent's tail, spewing fire from his mouth, but at the request of the magician he may take the form of a man. He is a strong and excellent fighter and very reliable to the conjurer, giving true answers to all questions. He is depicted as a wolf with a human form as well as a griffon's wings and a serpent's tail. Under request he changes shape into a human warrior.
Moloch, also known as Molech, Molekh, Molok, Molek, Melek, Molock, Moloc, Melech, Milcom, or Molcom (representing Semitic מלך m-l-k, a Semitic root meaning "king") is the name of an ancient Ammonite god.Moloch worship was practiced by the Canaanites, Phoenicians, and related cultures in North Africa and the Levant.
As a god worshiped by the Phoenicians and Canaanites, Moloch had associations with a particular kind of propitiatory child sacrifice by parents. Moloch figures in the Book of Deuteronomy and in the Book of Leviticus as a form of idolatry (Leviticus 18:21: "And thou shalt not let any of thy seed pass through the fire to Moloch"). In the Old Testament, Gehenna was a valley by Jerusalem, where apostate Israelites and followers of various Baalim and Canaanite gods, including Moloch, sacrificed their children by fire.
Moloch has been used figuratively in English literature from John Milton's Paradise Lost (1667) to Allen Ginsberg's "Howl" (1955), to refer to a person or thing demanding or requiring a very costly sacrifice.
The fierce three-headed dog of Greek and Roman mythology which was the guardian of the gate to the infernal regions. Hercules had to overcome it without using any weapons and bring it to Eurystheus, king of Mycenae.
Cerberus was the offspring of Echidna, a hybrid half-woman and half-serpent, and Typhon, a fire-breathing giant whom even the Olympian gods were afraid of. He had a brother, Orthrus, always depicted with two heads instead of three. He was also a Hell hound.
In demonology Cerberus — also known as Cerbere, Naberius or Naberus — was responsible for restoring lost dignities and honors, and for teaching arts and sciences. He is said to appear at times as a cock with a coarse voice. He is a Grand-Marquis of Hell, and the 24th of Solomon's seventy-two spirits.
In demonology, Archduke Ose is a Great President of Hell, ruling three legions of demons.
He makes men become wise in all liberal sciences and gives true answers concerning divine and secret things. He also brings insanity to any person the conjurer wishes, making him/her believe that he/she is the creature or thing the magician desires. He can also make that person think he is a king and wearing a crown, or also a Pope. Ose is depicted as a leopard that after a while changes into a man.
Sabnock (also spelled Sab Nac, Sabnac, Sabnach, Sabnack, Sabnacke, Salmac and Savnock) is a mighty Great Marquis of Hell, who has 50 legions of demons under his command. He builds high towers, castles and cities, furnishing them with weapons, ammunition, etc., gives good familiars, and can afflict men for several days making their wounds and sores gangrenous or filling them with worms.
Sabnock is depicted as a soldier with armor and weapons, the head of a lion, and riding a pale horse.
In occult lore, a lewd female demon or goblin which takes on the illusory appearance of a female human being and seeks sexual intercourse with men, usually while they are asleep.
The princess of all the succubi (plural) is Nahemah. Its male counterpart is called Incubus. A semi-human offspring is called Cambion.
According to the church fathers, the succubus was an angel who fell from grace because of his insatiable lust for men. As a demon, the Succubus continued with its carnal desires, preying upon vulnerable men, tempting them in their sleep and inciting sexual desires that only herself could satisfy.
In demonology, Valefar or Valefor is a Duke of Hell. He tempts people to steal and is in charge of a good relationship among thieves. Valefar is considered a good familiar by his associates "till they are caught in the trap". He commands ten legions of demons.
He is represented as a lion with the head of a man, or as a lion with the head of a donkey.
In demonology, Vepar is a strong Great Duke of Hell, and rules twenty-nine legions of demons. He governs the waters and guides armoured ships laden with ammunition and weapons; he can also make, if requested, the sea rough and stormy, and to appear full of ships. Vepar can make men die in three days by putrefying sores and wounds, causing worms to breed in them, but if requested by the conjurer he can heal them immediately.
Vepar is depicted as a mermaid. Despite this, he is always described with male pronouns, although this may be due to the fact that words like "merman" were uncommon or not in use when Vepar was first described.
In Collin de Plancy's book, Dictionnaire Infernal (book on demonology, organised in hellish hierarchies), Xaphan was one of the fallen angels. He rebelled with Satan, and is a demon of the 2nd rank. He is said to have an inventive mind and came up with the idea to set fire to heaven before he and the other fallen were cast out. He has a bellows as an emblem, but must fan the flames of the abyss with his mouth and hands.
One of the fallen angels and 61st of the 72 spirits of Solomon (the 72 demons of the Goetia), Zagan is a president and king of Hell who appears first as a bull with griffin wings, and then as a man. Zagan's infernal duties include making fools wiser, turning wine into water, blood into wine, water into wine, blood into oil and oil into water. Zagan can also turn any metal into coin and/or money.
Zagan commands 33 legions of the damned, a troop of vicious demons who assist him in his nefarious endeavors. Zagan is the demon protector of those who would deceive others by fraud and counterfeiting.
In demonology, a demon, a great and mighty duke of Hell.
One of the fallen angels and 16th of the 72 spirits of Solomon (the 72 demons of the Goetia), Zepar is a duke of Hell who appears as a soldier wearing red clothes and armor. Zepar's most important infernal duties are related to love, lust and sodomy. It is said that he is capable of seducing women by taking the human form of their husbands or lovers.
Zepar is one aspect of the Crone as well, making women barren. He is likewise considered a familiar of Babalon-Lilith. He can also inspire women and men to lust and love. Zepar commands 26 infernal legions of the damned, a troop of vicious demons who assist him in his nefarious endeavors.
One may work through Zepar as a means of obtaining the union of another female, or creating a shadow form of a succubus via dreaming sorcery. According to some sources, Zepar tries to seduce men by means of pederasty.
Deborah (Hebrew: דְבוֹרָה, Modern Dvora Tiberian Dəḇôrā ; "Bee", Arabic: دبورة Daborah) was a prophetess of the God of the Israelites, the fourth Judge of pre-monarchic Israel, counselor, warrior, and the wife of Lapidoth according to the Book of Judges chapters 4 and 5.
The only female judge mentioned in the Bible, Deborah led a successful counterattack against the forces of Jabin king of Canaan and his military commander Sisera. This narrative is recounted in chapter 4.
Goliath (Hebrew: גָּלְיָת, Modern Golyat, Tiberian Golyāṯ; Arabic: جالوت, Ǧālūt (Qur'anic term), جليات Ǧulyāt (Christian term)) or Goliath of Gath (one of five city states of the Philistines) is a giant Philistine warrior defeated by the young David, the future king of Israel, in the Bible's Books of Samuel (1 Samuel 17).
In the deuterocanonical Book of Judith, Holofernes (Hebrew, הולופרנס) was an invading general of Nebuchadnezzar. Nebuchadnezzar dispatched Holofernes to take vengeance on the nations of the west that had withheld their assistance to his reign. Holofernes occupied all the nations along the sea coast and destroyed all the gods of the nations, so that all nations would worship Nebuchadnezzar alone. Holofernes was warned by Achior, the leader of the children of Ammon, against attacking the Jewish people. Holofernes and his followers were angered by Achior. They rebuked him, insisting that there was no god other than Nebuchadnezzar.
The general laid siege to Bethulia, commonly believed to be Meselieh, and the city almost surrendered. Holofernes' advance stopped the water supply to Bethulia. The people lost heart and encouraged Ozias and their rulers to give way. The leaders vowed to surrender if no help arrived within five days.
Bethulia was saved by Judith, a beautiful Hebrew widow who entered Holofernes's camp and seduced him. Judith then beheaded Holofernes while he was drunk. She returned to Bethulia with the severed head, and the Hebrews defeated the enemy. Hebrew versions of the tale in the Megillat Antiochus and the Chronicles of Jerahmeel identify "Holoferenes" as Nicanor whence the name "Holofernes" in the Greek version would be a deliberately cryptic name similar to the use of "Nebuchadnezzar" for Antiochus.
The Beast may refer to two beasts described in the Book of Revelation. The first beast comes from "out of the sea" and is given authority and power by the dragon. The second beast comes from "out of the earth" and directs all peoples of the earth to worship the first beast. The two beasts are aligned with the dragon in opposition to God. They persecute Christians and influence the kings of the earth to gather for the battle of Armageddon. The two beasts are defeated by Christ and are thrown into a lake of fire.
Behemoth (Hebrew בהמות) is a beast mentioned in Job 40:15–24. Suggested identities range from dinosaur to crocodile to a mythological creature. In Jewish apocrypha and pseudepigrapha, such as the 2nd century BCE Book of Enoch, Behemoth is the primal unconquerable monster of the land just as Leviathan is the primal monster of the waters of the sea and Ziz the primordial monster of the sky. According to this text Leviathan lives in "the Abyss", while Behemoth the land-monster lives in an invisible desert east of the Garden of Eden.
Al-Burāq (Arabic: البُراق al-Burāq "lightning") is a mythological steed, described as a creature from the heavens which transported the prophets. The most commonly told story is how in the 7th century, Al-Buraq carried the Islamic prophet Muhammad from Mecca to Jerusalem and back during the Isra and Mi'raj, or "Night Journey", which is the title of one of the chapters (sura), Al-Isra, of the Quran.
Jinn, jann or djinn (singular: jinnī, djinni, or genie; Arabic: الجن al-jinn, singular الجني al-jinnī) are supernatural creatures in Islamic mythology as well as pre-Islamic Arabian mythology.
They are mentioned frequently in the Quran (the 72nd sura is titled Sūrat al-Jinn) and other Islamic texts and inhabit an unseen world called Djinnestan, another universe beyond the known universe. The Quran says that the jinn are made of a smokeless and "scorching fire", but are also physical in nature, being able to interact in a tactile manner with people and objects and likewise be acted upon. The jinn, humans, and angels make up the three known sapient creations of God. Like human beings, the jinn can be good, evil, or neutrally benevolent and hence have free will like humans and unlike angels.
In Jewish folklore, a golem (Hebrew: גולם, literally "cocoon") is an animated anthropomorphic being created out of inanimate matter, usually mud or clay.
In the Talmud, the first man Adam was a golem, formed when God kneaded dust into a "shapeless husk". The Maharal, chief rabbi of Prague during the 16th century, was famously said to have constructed a golem from the clay of the Vltava river's banks. He used it to protect Prague's Jewish community from the anti-Semitic Holy Roman Emperor Rudolf II.
(Hebrew: נחשים) In the passage of the fiery snakes, Moses is instructed by God to make a bronze serpent and set it on a standard. The Hebrew word for bronze, nehoshet, comes from Egyptian thst, meaning copper, and often referred to mountings on a flagpole or standard. It is interesting to note that nehoshet is similar to the word used for snakes in this passage, nehasim, which may mean the serpents were a bronze color. This could also be a play on words between the words for "bronze" and "snake" in verse 9 of Numbers 21 (n'has n'hoset)
In mediaeval Jewish folklore, Rahab (noise, tumult, arrogance) is a mythical sea monster, a dragon of the waters, the "demonic angel of the sea". Rahab represents the primordial abyss, the water-dragon of darkness and chaos, comparable to Leviathan and Tiamat. Rahab later became a particular demon, inhabitant of the sea, especially associated with the Red Sea.
In the Bible, Tannin (Hebrew: תנין) is the Hebrew term for Leviathan or sea dragon (Isaiah 27:1). Sometimes he is compared with Rahab, another sea monster who is especially associated with the Red Sea. Some scholars associated Tannin with Tiamat , as it happened with Rahab. It is unclear in Jewish literature the differentiation between Tannin, Rahab, and Leviathan, but Tannin and Rahab are more easily confused with another.
The Ziz (Hebrew: זיז) is a giant griffin-like bird in Jewish mythology, said to be large enough to be able to block out the sun with its wingspan. It is considered a giant animal/monster corresponding to archetypal creatures. Rabbis have said that the Ziz is comparable to the Persian Simurgh, while modern scholars compare the Ziz to the Sumerian Anzu and the Ancient Greek phoenix.